Aktuelle Forschung

Hier finden Sie ausgewählte Hinweise auf neueste Forschungsergebnisse aus der analytisch-empirischen Soziologie und ihren Nachbarwissenschaften. Die Beiträge sind in unterschiedlichen Publikationsformaten erschienen.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 01.01.2020
Attitudes toward immigrants & the role of elites‘ discourses

This article examines the link between articulations of national political parties (political elite discourses) and natives’ attitudes toward Muslim immigrants and ethnically similar immigrants. Combining European Social Survey data with party manifesto data and other sources, the analysis reveals that political elite discourses perform better in explaining natives’ attitudes compared to national demographic or economic aspects. Native Europeans’ attitudes toward Muslim immigrants are more hostile in countries where political elites are more exclusionary and more welcoming where political elites are more inclusionary. In contrast, Europeans’ views on ethnically similar immigrants seem largely unaffected by exclusionary political elites. These findings suggest that political elites can play an important role in fostering or impeding immigrant integration by shaping public opinion, particularly toward more marginalized immigrant groups.

Paper by Christian S. Czymara, published in "International Migration Review" 2019 online first & ungated. Read full paper here.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 28.10.2019
Ethnic networks in schools

Minority students in schools with identical ethnic compositions show different inclinations to form friendships with major peers, depending on the local extent of ethnic stratification across schools, as Hanno Kruse and Clemens Kroneberg (both University of Cologne) show, based on German data.
New paper out, published in American Journal of Sociology, 125(2) 2019: 431-484 (paper is gated).

Artikel veröffentlicht: 25.10.2019
What follows from unemployment

This paper focuses on the unemployed’s expectations of being stigmatized (stigma consciousness) and the consequences of such negative expectations on job search attitudes and behaviour. Using data from the German panel study “Labour Market and Social Security” (PASS), Gerhard Krug (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Katrin Drasch (University Erlangen-Nürnberg) and Monika Jungbauer-Gans (German Centre of Higher Education Research and Science Studies) find that the unemployed with high stigma consciousness suffer from reduced well-being and health, but also are more likely to place a high value on becoming re-employed.

Gerhard Krug, Katrin Drasch, Monika Jungbauer-Gans (2019): The social stigma of unemployment: consequences of stigma consciousness on job search attitudes, behaviour and success. Journal of Labour Market Research 53, 11. (Open access)

Artikel veröffentlicht: 12.04.2019
How regional characteristics influence employment

This paper pays particular attention to structural effects and extend current life course research by exploring how regional determinants impact employment trajectories: To what extent do regional characteristics influence employment trajectories? Do regional factors diversely affect the employment careers of different sociodemographic groups? Using a German linked employer–employee dataset (LIAB) that was merged with data on regional characteristics for 96 planning regions, results show that there are considerable regional heterogeneities regarding population density and the amount of human capital endowment, both of which influence working careers differently. Regional agglomeration predominantly offers opportunities regarding employment trajectories, while regional human capital accumulation increases employment risks. Additionally, findings indicate that group-specific inequalities regarding employment careers can be weakened or even strengthened by regional frame conditions.

Matthias Dütsch, Franziska Ganesch, Olaf Struck (2019): Employment trajectories in heterogeneous regions: Evidence from Germany, published in Advances in Life Course Research 40: 43-84.