Aktuelle Forschung

Hier finden Sie ausgewählte Hinweise auf neueste Forschungsergebnisse aus der analytisch-empirischen Soziologie und ihren Nachbarwissenschaften. Die Beiträge sind in unterschiedlichen Publikationsformaten erschienen.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 30.03.2020
Discrimination in schools: findings from an German online experiment

Even though social class is at least as predictive of educational achievement as ethnicity in virtually all developed countries, experimental research on discrimination in education has overwhelmingly focused on the latter. This study investigates both ethnic discrimination and social class discrimination by elementary school teachers in Germany. Randomly sampled elementary school teachers who teach immigrants to evaluate an essay written by a fourth-grader have been asked. Results show no evidence for discrimination in grading. However, findings for teachers’ expectations of children's future performance suggest a discriminatory bias along the lines of both ethnicity and social class. The effect is conditional on essay quality—it only holds true for the better essay. Findings provide evidence for models that highlight situational moderators such as the richness of information and ambiguity—e.g., statistical discrimination—but as evidence against simpler models of ingroup-favoritism or outgroup derogation, e.g., social identity theory or taste discrimination.

Paper by Sebastian E. Wenz  & Kerstin Hoenig, published in "Research in Social Stratification and Mobility" 2020 online first & ungated. Read full paper here.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 20.02.2020
Gender & Inequality in Academia

The proportion of women tends to decrease the higher the academic rank, following a global pattern. Sweden has taken comprehensive measures to decrease this gap across 30 years, and many countries are following a similar path. Yet today only 27% of faculty with the rank of professor in Sweden are female. A common explanation is that academia is biased against women. According to this hypothesis, women have to reach higher levels of scholarly achievement than men to be appointed to the same academic rank. Publication metrics when attaining the rank of professor were compiled from the Web of Science for samples of the whole population of 1345 professors appointed at the six largest universities in Sweden during a six-year period. Men had significantly more publications and citations in both medicine and in the social sciences, rejecting the hypothesis that women are held to a higher scholarly standard in this context.

Guy Madison & Pontus Fahlman (2020): Sex differences in the number ofscientific publications and citations when attaining the rank of professor in Sweden. Studies inHigher Education Online first. DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2020.1723533. Read full article here.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 01.01.2020
Attitudes toward immigrants & the role of elites‘ discourses

This article examines the link between articulations of national political parties (political elite discourses) and natives’ attitudes toward Muslim immigrants and ethnically similar immigrants. Combining European Social Survey data with party manifesto data and other sources, the analysis reveals that political elite discourses perform better in explaining natives’ attitudes compared to national demographic or economic aspects. Native Europeans’ attitudes toward Muslim immigrants are more hostile in countries where political elites are more exclusionary and more welcoming where political elites are more inclusionary. In contrast, Europeans’ views on ethnically similar immigrants seem largely unaffected by exclusionary political elites. These findings suggest that political elites can play an important role in fostering or impeding immigrant integration by shaping public opinion, particularly toward more marginalized immigrant groups.

Paper by Christian S. Czymara, published in "International Migration Review" 2019 online first & ungated. Read full paper here.

Artikel veröffentlicht: 28.10.2019
Ethnic networks in schools

Minority students in schools with identical ethnic compositions show different inclinations to form friendships with major peers, depending on the local extent of ethnic stratification across schools, as Hanno Kruse and Clemens Kroneberg (both University of Cologne) show, based on German data.
New paper out, published in American Journal of Sociology, 125(2) 2019: 431-484 (paper is gated).